Oil Spill Risk Assessment / Contingency Plan (OSCP) is an integrated plan which is necessary in the oil spill recovery operations as a guideline to ensure the operation will be efficiently and safely conducted.
The primary purpose of this plan is to set in motion the necessary actions to stop or contain any discharge of oil and to mitigate the negative effects of an accidental oil spill.
Referring to the international guidelines such as IMO and IPIECA and also national regulations, the OSCP is divided into three sections that are:
- Strategy Section: This section describe the scope of the plan, including the geographical coverage, perceived risks, roles / responsibilities of those charged with implementing the plan and the proposed response strategy.
- Operation Section: This section set out the emergency procedures that will allow rapid assessment of spill and the mobilization of appropriate response resource.
- Information Section: This section contain all relevant information, resource lists and data sheets required to support an oil spill response effort and conduct the response according to the strategy.
Why OSCP should be developed?
- Allow a more effective and efficient response to an oil spill incident
- Analyze the suitable strategy to response to oil spill
- Predict Oil spill movement/trajectory in any periods of time
- Minimum time before oil slick reach particular areas
- The length of potential affected shoreline
- Priorities Areas for protection
- Estimates the required oil spill response equipment's quantity and type
- Fulfill the national regulations.