The International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness, Response and Cooperation (OPRC) in 1990 obliges governments to establish a program of exercises for oil pollution response organizations and training of relevant personnel. It also calls on IMO (the International Maritime Organization, the United Nations specialized agency with responsibility for the safety and security of shipping and the prevention of marine pollution by ships) to develop a comprehensive training program in cooperation with interested governments and industry.
The IMO has developed a range of training courses to address all aspects of oil spill planning, response and management. These are known as the OPRC Model Courses. These courses have been designed and developed by an international group of experts from governments and industry.
The IMO OPRC Model courses on oil pollution preparedness and response have been developed for three levels of competency:
IMO OPRC Level I
(For Operational Staff)
|Provides insight and knowledge to prepare for the deployment of oil spill response on the field. Oil Containment, Oil Recovery, Shoreline Clean-Up, etc.|
IMO OPRC Level II
(For Supervisors and On Scene Commanders)
|Provides insight and knowledge to prepare to coordinate an oil spill response operation in order to know effective strategies that must be followed|
IMO OPRC Level III
(For Senior Management Personnel)
|Provides insight and knowledge for an oil spill prevention plan in order to know how to manage a spill to management level|
Compliant to the IMO OPRC Model courses on oil pollution preparedness and response, Leadership Indonesia has developed training program on oil pollution preparedness and response, with a bi-lingual training manual (in English and Indonesian). The training program is also compliant to the regulation No. PM 58 / 2013 from the Indonesian Minister of Transportation, particularly Chapter IV Article 7, and also to the decision No. UM 008/74/1/DJPL-13 from the Director General of Sea Transportation, particularly attachment I, II, III and IV.